Fouls and Violations by Kevin Sparrock
2/5/2017 - Frozen
Ouch! Heel pain. Foot Health: A quick look at a common foot problem.
After a 40 minute basketball game, my game my feet ache. Do I have the right shoes? Is it poor running technique?   Do I need to stretch more? Or is it just overuse? These are some common questions.

Referees run approximately 2.5 to 3 miles per game. During the season you can easily have four games in five nights. Thats 15 miles of pounding the hardwood in five days. With this much time on your feet referees need to invest in foot health. I spoke with Dr. Roxann V. Clarke, Podiatric Surgeon, Wound Care Specialist from
Downtown Podiatry in New York City to get her incite on a common foot ache.


If you suddenly feel a sharp pain to your heel after a long run, or new pair of shoes, this may be the  first signs of a common problem called Plantar fasciitis.  

Plantar fasciitis is a condition of pain in the heel area of the foot that is caused by inflammation of the plantar fascia (a fibrous band that helps hold the arch of the foot up during standing and walking).  
Plantar fasciitis is a common condition that is treated by foot specialists.  It is the most common cause of heel pain (1,2).

There are many causes of this condition: 
• The most common being the tightness and lack of flexibility in the calf muscles and hamstrings of the leg.  
• Small tears in plantar fascia from over-use and strain at the heel bone attachment
A common symptom of this condition is pain in the heel at it’s worst when first getting up from rest.  (first step of the day after sleeping, first step when getting up from being seated at desk at work).  Plantar fasciitis affects all foot types whether you have a high-arch or flat foot.

Treatments for this condition include:
• Physical therapy to help stretch tight calf muscle and hamstrings
• Night splints that can be worn during rest to help stretch calf muscle complex (1)
• Local injections using an anesthetic and a steroid to relieve pain and inflammation in area
• Orthotics or arch supports that help relax the plantar fascia during walking and standing.  
When all these treatments fail, surgical options such as:
• Plantar fasciotomy which involves cutting the plantar fascia so there is no longer a pull at the heel bone
• Topaz procedure that turns chronic inflammation into acute inflammation, which is easier for the body to heal from (2)

• If you are an active individual, always take time to stretch out calf muscles and hamstrings before and after activity.
 • Extra support in athletic shoe-gear is also good at preventing the plantar fascia from putting strain on your heel bone.

1. Lance D. Barry, Anna N Barry, Yinpu/The Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery, Vol 41, Issue 4, P221-227
2. M.D. Sorensen et al. / The Journal of Foot & Ankle Surgery 50 (2011) 165–170

Thanks Dr. Roxann V. Clarke for your insight.

Dr. Roxann V. Clarke DPM, MS, AACFAS
Podiatric Surgeon, Wound Care Specialist
Downtown Podiatry
111 John Street #1450
New York, NY 10038


Fri, 03 Feb 2017 17:03:00 +0000
This weeks High School Basketball IAABO Quiz
  1. The score is Team A 80 and Team B 79 when the horn sounds to end the 4th quarter. Prior to the referee’s approval of the final score, the coach of Team A uses inappropriate language and directs and obscene gesture towards the officials. A technical foul is charged and the result of the free throws will determine the winner or whether overtime is required. Is the referee correct?
  2. Team A substitute No. 13 enters and plays the second quarter. At halftime, the official scorekeeper notices No. 13 is not in the score book and informs the officials. The 3rd quarter will start with a technical foul and possession to Team B. Is the referee correct?
  3. A1 is fouled by B1 just after the ball leaves the referee’s hand(s) on the jump to start overtime. Both teams are in the bonus. Possession is set towards the opponents basket when the ball is placed at the disposal of the free thrower. Is the referee correct?
  4. A pass, a tap or a try for field goal by A1 comes down several feet in front of the basket. The ball strikes the floor without touching any player and bounces into the basket. Two points are counted for A1. Is the referee correct?
  5. A technical foul by B1 occurs during the dead ball before the second quarter. The referee starts the second quarter by administering the free throws. The free throws are followed by a throw-in opposite the table at the division line.  The alternate possession arrow is reversed. Is the referee correct?
  1. YES 5-6-2 x 4; 10-4-1c
  2. NO 3-2-2b; 10-1-2b
  3. YES 4-3-3b, 6-4-1
  4. YES 4-41-2, 4, 5
  5. NO 6-4-5; 8-5-2

Thanks Too Suboa: NY BASKETBALL

Wed, 14 Dec 2016 16:38:00 +0000
Ice and Elevate: Post Game recovery
I live by my legs.
After one game my body is tired and soar. After 4 games in four nights...Let me tell you, the next morning it can be difficult moving around.

This is before I took post game recovery seriously. Through the advice of Dr. Ajaya L. Williams from TAPE (Taking Action with Preventative Education) she gave me a three step plan to post game recovery that has been beneficial to me performing at my best.

Step 1: After the game or when you get home or to the hotel you should perform a full body stretch.

Step 2 is used only if necessary. If you are soar this is what I suggest. After every game, when I get home or to a hotel I fill a bag of ice and put them on my soar joints or muscles... knees, hamstrings, achilles, etc.  I do this 20 minutes on and 1 hour off.  Then repeat if you have time or if necessary. If your whole body is soar, try an ice bath. Its not my cup of tea but an ice bath works the same.

Step 3: Then I elevate my legs for 15-20 minutes. I lift my legs at the top of a head board or I lie on my back and elevate them on the wall. This helps drain tension from the feet, legs and hips and reduces swelling. For you nerds out there, its called lymphatic drainage.

Bonus: If you have plastic wrap or ace bandage available, wrap your ice bags around your soar joints and elevate at the same time. It kills two birds with one stone.

I can't tell you how good I feel in the morning.

Safe traveling.

Life of a basketball referee uncovered.

Check out

Fri, 09 Dec 2016 01:51:00 +0000
I had fun with a Go Pro a few months back. I was able to record my daily commute. During the off season this one of the ways I stay fit.  



Tue, 06 Dec 2016 05:35:00 +0000
Do you know your high school Basketball Rules? Lets see.

1. A1 is fouled by B1. It is a shooting foul. A1 is injured on the play.Team A’s coach calls a time out. A1 is not able to return to the game after the time out. The official allows A6 to enter the game after the time out to attempt the free throw(s) for A1. Is the official correct?

2. The score is Team A- 79 Team B 78 when A1 and B1 push/shove each other. The covering official calls a double foul. Members of the crowd object to the call, become hostile and come onto the court. The official(s) declare the game a forfeit in favor of Team A. Is the official correct?

3. The ball is in flight during a try by A1 when the forth quarter ends. A2 intentionally fouls B2 immediately after the try becomes successful. The score is Team A 71 Team B 70. The official charges A2 with a technical foul and awards B2 free throws which will determine the outcome of the game. Is the official correct?

4. A1 is standing with one foot in the 3-second restricted area and one foot outside of the 3-second restricted area. A1 lifts the foot in the 3-second restricted area but does not touch it in the nonrestricted area. The covering official call a 3-second violation. Is the referee correct?

5. A1 attempts a try beyond the 3-point line and is an airborne shooter when B1 violently pushes A1. The ball does not enter the basket. The covering official calls a personal foul and awards 3 free throws to A1. Is the referee correct?

1. YES 8-2
2. NO 5-4-3
3. YES 5-6-2 ex4
4. YES 9.7.2 casebook
5. NO 4-19-4, 10-6-5

Read the appropriate sections in the rule and case book if you answered any question incorrectly.

Wed, 16 Nov 2016 15:33:00 +0000
This weeks High School Basketball IAABO Quiz
Lets see if you know your High School Basketball rules.

  1. A1 is attempting a three point try and is poked in the stomach by B1. The official calls an intentional foul on B1. Is the official correct?
  2. A1 is attempting a three point try and is fouled by B1. The try is successful. The official calls an intentional foul on B1. The official(s) administers one free throw and gives the ball to team A for a throw in. Is the official correct?
  3. The official(s) lines up both teams for 2 free throws for an intentional foul. Is the official correct?
  4. A1 takes a three point try and is fouled by B1. The try is successful. The officials calls an intentional foul on the play. A1 is given two free throws with no one in the foul lane. Team A is given the ball for a throw-in nearest the spot of the foul. Is the official correct?
  5. A1 has the ball for a throw-in when B1 reaches across the line and fouls A1. The official calls a technical foul. A2 takes two free throws and the ball is given to team A for the throw-in at half court opposite the table. Is the official correct?

  1. YES 4-19-3-c
  2. NO 10-6-11 penalty 4
  3. NO 10-6-11 penalty 4, 8-1-3
  4. YES 7-5-4-b
  5. NO 4-19-3-e, 9-2-10 penalty 4,  8-2,
Courtesy of NYBasketball:

Tue, 01 Nov 2016 18:21:00 +0000
This weeks High School Basketball IAABO Quiz
  1. A-1 is dribbling in the frontcourt and is closely guarded by B-1. As A-1 continues to dribble, B-1 and B-2 switch guarding assignments so that A-1 remains closely guarded. When the switch occurred, the official started a new count. Is the official correct?
  2. While the ball is in flight on a tap by A-1 toward his/her basket, the official inadvertently sounds the whistle. The tap is unsuccessful. The official puts the ball in play using the alternating possession procedure. Is the official correct?
  3. During a jump ball, A-1 taps the ball to A-2 who is airborne from the frontcourt. A-2 catches the ball and throws it to A-3 in the backcourt. The official rules a backcourt violation. Is the official correct?
  4. A-1 and B-1 begin to fight while the ball is dead. A-6 and A-7 enter the playing court. B-6 also enters the playing court and begins fighting with A-6. The official charges A-1, A-6, A-7, B-1 and B-6 with flagrant technical fouls, team A coach with two indirect technical fouls, team B’s coach with one indirect technical foul, team A with three team fouls, team B with two team fouls and awards team B two free throws plus a throw-in at the division line opposite the scorer’s table. Is the official correct?
  5. While team A has the ball out of bounds under the alternating possession procedure, the official rules a double personal foul. The official gives the ball back to team A and instructs the scorer to turn the arrow when the ball is touched inbounds. Is the official correct?

    1. No   4-12, 9-10-1a, 4-10
    2. Yes  4-12-6, 4-36-2c
    3. Yes  9-9-1, 4-42-5a
    4. Yes  10-6-8 & 9
    5. Yes  4-36-2b

Wed, 19 Oct 2016 02:25:00 +0000
How important is body language?
 For a referee body language is everything. How we are perceived and how do we perceive ourselves? I wanted to share this wonderful Ted Talk by Social psychologist Amy Cuddy.  "Power Posing"_standing in a posture of confidence,  even when you don't feel confident - can affect testosterone and cortisol levels in the brain, and might even have an impact on our chances for success.

Please click on the link below

Happy traveling.


Amy Cuddy: Your body language shapes who you are

Thu, 13 Oct 2016 14:42:00 +0000
This weeks High School Basketball IAABO Quiz
This weeks Quiz. Lets see if you know your High School Basketball rules.

  1. During an interrupted dribble, the official inadvertently sounds the whistle. The official resumes play using the alternating possession procedure. Is the official correct?
  2. A1 jumps into the air and intercepts a pass. A1, while still in the air, throws the ball to the floor. A1 returns to the floor and catches the ball with both hands and starts a dribble. The official rules this legal play. Is the official correct?
  3. During a jump ball, the ball becomes live when the ball is legally touched. Is this correct?
  4. A1, who is in the frontcourt, has the ball batted away from him/her. While attempting to recover the ball, A1 bats the ball as it is rolling toward the division line. A2, who is in the backcourt near the division line, and with the ball still in frontcourt, bats it to A1. The official rules a backcourt violation. Is the official correct?
  5. Following a time-out A1, who is to attempt a one and one, delays outside the semi-circle. The official charges A1 with a technical foul. Is the official correct?

  1. No   4-12-2c, 4-36-2a
  2. No   4-15-1, 4-15-4a
  3. No   6-1-2a
  4. Yes  9-9-1
  5. No   4-38, 10-3-5c

Thu, 13 Oct 2016 14:28:00 +0000
This weeks High School Basketball IAABO Quiz
This weeks Quiz. Lets see if you know your High School Basketball rules.
  1. A1 is pushed by B1 while attempting a shot. The official calls a personal foul on B1 and awards A1 two shots with players in their lane positions. Is the official correct?
  2. A1 is fouled by B1. A1 subsequently pushes B1. The official calls a personal foul on B1 and a technical foul on A1. Is the official correct?
  3. B1 is called for an intentional foul on A1 who is in the act of shooting a successful 2 point attempt. The official lines the teams up for 2 free throws. Is the official correct?
  4. B1 has the ball and A2 and B2 foul each other at approximately the same time. The official calls a double personal fowl and awards the ball to Team A which has the possession arrow. Is the official correct?
  5. A1 is dribbling the ball in front court when A2 sets an illegal screen on B1. Team B is in the bonus. The official awards the ball to Team B at the spot nearest the foul. Is the official correct?

  1. Yes 4-19-1; 10-3-7
  2. Yes 4-19-1; 10-3-7
  3. No 4-19-3; 9-11-4
  4. No 4-19-6; 4-36
  5. Yes 12-2-2; 7-5-4a

Thu, 06 Oct 2016 20:51:00 +0000

Tue, 04 Oct 2016 03:51:00 +0000

New Art

Tue, 04 Oct 2016 03:51:00 +0000
Quote of the Week:
"Flowers only bloom when they are ready.  People are the same way.  You cannot rush or force them open just because you think it's time.  Be patient."

~ Timber H. ~

Fri, 30 Sep 2016 14:28:00 +0000
A New Season. A New Process.
Yes, a new basketball season is upon us. So I have a new drawing process.  Thanks to the IPad Pro and the Apple Pencil I've rebooted the Fouls and Violations Webcomic. I just had to.  And it was time. Look for new updates and a fresh design.

Please view my Youtube video of the drawing process.

Happy Traveling.

Mon, 19 Sep 2016 01:08:00 +0000
Some Daily Art

Here’s some daily art. Jeff Smith, who works in the WNBA, celebrated a birthday this weekend. As a gift, his family commissioned me to come up with a caricature. Enjoy.

Mon, 20 Jun 2011 18:45:00 +0000
Quote of the Day:
"Your goals deserve commitment, show it respect."

Ronnie Nijmeh

Thu, 26 May 2011 21:09:00 +0000
Being Wrong
Being wrong isn't fatal, it's merely something we'd prefer to avoid. We have the privilege of being wrong. Not being wrong on purpose, of course, but wrong as a cost on the way to being right.
Seth Godin

Sat, 21 May 2011 13:37:00 +0000
Quote of the Day
"Relationships improve when the person being listened to feels understood, empathically listened to, and not judged."

Carl Rogers

Wed, 11 May 2011 01:33:00 +0000

“Cheater!” That’s what a fan called me after I called a blocking foul. I didn’t know the coaches, the players, or the fans. I never met the player’s parents or their cousins. The tournament was in the Bronx. I’m a kid from Brooklyn. The only connection I had to anyone at the game was with the guy who ran the tournament. That conversation lasted 30 seconds on the phone a week prior to the game. So you see, there was NO connection to anyone affiliated with the game. But at 5:50 of the first quarter at a 4th grade kids game …I was a “Cheater.”

Tue, 10 May 2011 02:21:00 +0000
Quote of the Day:
“You can't applaud a referee.”
Alex Ferguson
Manager, Manchester United Football

Thu, 21 Apr 2011 04:49:00 +0000

Flat front pants are back in style. They’ve actually been in style for a few years but I’ve been in denial. I like/ love pleated pants. Don’t get me wrong; I have flat front dress pants, suit pants and khaki’s. For a night out on the town: Flat Front Pants. For working in an office: Flat Front Plants. For Refereeing Basketball: PLEATED PANTS.

When my basketball journey began in 1998, we where wearing flat front pants. These pants where made with a fire swallowing polyester fabric. You’d catch fire if you stood to close to a radiator. Flat front pants where tight, uncomfortable and left scars. They almost made me give up refereeing basketball.

‘Men shouldn’t wear pleated pants’.

I hear fashion experts say that on talk shows and reality shows. Then you get friends, girlfriends and wives repeating this. I wish they would stop. I think folks are imagining the days of Doctor J and Magic Johnson, with those tight booty shorts. Referees need comfort. All you need is one overweight referee to trump the Magic Johnson visual.

I pray that flat front pants for basketball referee don’t make a come back. That would be a fruitless nightmare.

Tue, 19 Apr 2011 20:19:00 +0000
Referee Lanyard

A fellow referee told me my lanyard was illegal. I wear a fox 40 lanyard with a cool clasp. The lanyard is a little thicker than usual and a heavier weight. The only difference is that it has multiple Fox 40 logo’s on it. The High School and NCAA rule book specify that players can not wear multiple logo’s on there uniform, but not referees. I didn’t think it was that big of a deal.

Folks don’t care. Now if I mess up a block/charge call, the coach will say, “He’s horrible! He can’t get a block /charge call correct. His fat behind can’t get down the court. He’s blind and.....Oh yea, that’s an illegal lanyard. It has multiple logo’s. He’s in violation.” LOL

Hey Fox 40, please make a lanyard without multiple logo’s.

Sat, 16 Apr 2011 19:58:00 +0000
This is your Life.

Thanks to my friend Douglas Hines at Freshmaker Design for sharing this photo. I appreciate the inspiration.
Thu, 14 Apr 2011 15:56:00 +0000
How to steal like an artist
I wanted to share this inspiring link. To all of my creative folks, check it out. I have to thank for the link. Enjoy.

Wed, 06 Apr 2011 22:24:00 +0000
The process of redesigning and developing the site is near completion.

New Features:
  1. The 'Random Strip' button. You no longer have to go into the archive to start somewhere in the middle. Hit 'Random Strip' and you get to jump somewhere,... anywhere in the middle.
  2. I had a few request to purchase prints of my strip. This is how its done: Locate the strip you want. Take not of the date. Select 'More Original art and Prints'. This puts you into my archive. Select the strip and you will be prompted to purchase the art through paypal. Purchase and wait. Hopefully not to long. Give me 7-10 days.
  3. Now you can comment directly on my blog post. Please be courteous, this is a family strip. That means no cussing or lewd comments. If you have to ask if its OK to say something, it probably isn't.

I'm excited. I hope you are. Thanks for your patience.

Fri, 01 Apr 2011 13:30:00 +0000

FOULS AND VIOLATIONS    Copyright ©2017  Kevin Sparrock

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